The Top 10 Programming Languages To Learn In 2018

By Focusoncode August 6, 2018

The technology world is expanding immensely with each passing year and months, as they are coming up with new trendier smartphones and tablets every other day and the competition to has grown tough in the market to stand at the highest position.

That’s the reason programmers and web developers are in tremendous demand nowadays because they have a good knowledge of programming languages. Various programming languages are now available and each of them has distinct functions. We have listed here 10 programming languages of 2018 which you should learn and have a better idea.


10. JavaScript

JavaScript is the most popular language and the dominant language of the web. Its growth over the past decade has been immense. JavaScript knowledge feeds into plenty of front-end frameworks such as Angular, React, Ember, Backbone, and others, as well as the Node.js run-time environment, which allows you to run JavaScript on the backend with high efficiency.

Now, I would argue to say that JavaScript alone is sort of like SQL. It’s not enough. There are some pure JavaScript. Obviously, you can use like node.js and you can do pure JavaScript type of programming, but it’s not a language that I think in a lot of corporate environments is going to be used exclusively. You probably need to know another programming language as well.


9. C#

C# is a very versatile language. Plus, it’s a very corporate language as well. It’s also a really good language and it’s not that difficult to learn, although I have to say, with all the features that they’re adding and how much that language has expanded, it’s definitely gotten more complex, but it is very expressive and very good language.

You’re going to be able to find a job with C#. No problem. It’s just going to be an easy place to fit into a Microsoft Shop. The thing about C# also is that if you’re wondering between C# and Java, if you’re like, “Well, which programming language should I learn?” I would probably see—this is where it edges out.

If you know C#, you’ll pretty much know Java, but I feel like there’s a little bit more of opportunities for higher paid jobs in the C# zone and it’s a little bit easier to get into that environment because there’s—to be honest with you, there’s less highly skilled C# developers than Java developers.

8. Ruby

Ruby is one of the most loved programming languages around. It’s designed to be friendly and easy to use by developers, as even its own tagline is “a programmer’s best friend.” Ruby is a high-level language which aims to achieve a lot with few lines of clean, readable code.

This sometimes takes significant effort “under the hood,” which makes Ruby relatively slower in terms of efficiency compared to other popular languages — but it definitely boosts your productivity. Well-written Ruby code almost looks like sentences written in plain English. It’s a great choice for the first language to learn, as beginners typically pick it up fast and enjoy it along the way.

Ruby is mostly used for its most popular framework — Ruby on Rails. Ruby on Rails is a web framework which encapsulates all of Ruby’s ideas into a powerful tool for the web. The great productivity achieved with Rails makes it a common choice for startups who aim for a running start.

7. Swift

Swift is a relatively new programming language released by Apple in 2014. This is a language for developing native iOS or macOS applications. It is considered an improvement in terms of usability and performance compared to Objective-C — the language used for Apple’s iOS and macOS operating systems.

Swift is generally favored by developers, standing at #4 in the list of most loved languages for 2017, after being #1 in 2015. Should you pick up a career with Swift, chances are you would enjoy it. If you want to get into mobile development, you should definitely consider Swift as a high-paid career path. Generally, iOS apps have proven to be more profitable than Android apps.

6. C & C++

If you are looking for a new language to learn in 2018, as much as I think that C++ and C is going to die, it’s not. It’s not going to die. There is so much going on. VR is “resurrecting” C and C++ development because VR games are very computationally intensive. A lot of mathematics, heavy mathematics.

If you’re going to go into the VR world, C and C++ might be a good choice for you, especially with the Unreal Engine to be able to learn how to do that, which is becoming popular in the VR stuff, Oculus Rift, and whatnot. I don’t see that going away. I see the future going that direction and we need a lot of horsepowers to be able to do this stuff.


Elixir is another new language, first appearing in 2011, that immediately gained popularity. Elixir was inspired by Erlang, a language developed back in the 1980s by Ericsson and stands as arguably one of the best tools for heavy concurrency. Elixir’s author José Valim himself said that he liked everything about Erlang, but also saw room for improvement. The biggest drawback of Erlang for developers is the often quirky syntax and usability plus the lack of intuitive package management.

Thus, Elixir appears — combining aspects from Ruby, a highly developer-friendly language, and ecosystem, with those from Erlang. Elixir is mainly used for web development, and career options are typically well-paid but limited. The popularity of the language has been increasing year after year, so if your city has various IT companies around, Elixir developers may be highly sought after.

4. R

R is a programming language and environment used for statistics, graphic representation and data analysis. This is the #1 choice for data scientists. If you find yourself interested in this field, then R is a stable and profitable career choice for you.

3. Python

Python is a general-purpose language which you can find almost anywhere today. You’ll find it in web applications, desktop apps, network servers, machine learning, media tools and more. It’s used by big players like NASA or Google, where the Python creator Guido van Rossum was employed for about 8 years writing mostly…Python.

His code is neat, readable, and well-structured. Proper indentation is not just for beauty here — it determines code execution. Python-based web development frameworks like Django and Flask have been gaining more and more popularity. Also, the language is heavily equipped with quality machine learning and data analysis libraries like Scikit-learn and Pandas. On the whole, career paths with Python are various and here to stay. It’s a good choice for beginner developers, as it’s high-level and easy to read and comprehend.

2. Kotlin

Kotlin is the new kid on the block for Android. Again, I put this down on the list because I’m still not 100% sure. It looks like most Android development is going to go this direction as Objective C switched to Swift, but I’m not 100% sure on this.

I think it’s worth—if you’re going to learn a new programming language, again, if you’re going to give in the Android development, it’s a lot better. It’s easier to use than Java and it’s basically got native Android support right now. It’s fully supported in Android Studio (the Android development IDE) and there’s a lot of really easy ways to get started with Kotlin to develop Android apps.


1. Java

Java is arguably the most popular programming language as 90% of the Fortune 500 companies heavily use it. Its famous slogan “write once, run anywhere” captures one of the keys that makes Java so valuable — its powerful Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which makes it cross-platform compatible.

Popular career paths with Java are backend developer, big data developer, embedded systems engineer, or Android developer. Although not the most “trendy” language at the moment, Java is so heavily used that we can pretty much guarantee it won’t go anywhere in the next decade and beyond.

Because of this, you can be confident that there are plenty of Java job positions both in your city and remotely, which can’t be said for some of the less popular languages on this list. Thus, if you are comfortable with Java, it’s only a matter of time before you’ll find the right place.

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